Cappadocia: A travel guide through the land of fairychimneys and rock castles

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Wedding Packages. Show more Show less. Things to do in Cappadocia. Goreme Open-Air Museum. Pigeon Valley Guvercinlik. Devrent Valley Devrent Vadisi. Kaymakli Underground City. Derinkuyu Underground City. Fairy Chimneys. All Recommendations. How to Spend 3 Days in Urgup. How to Spend 2 Days in Urgup. How to Spend 1 Day in Urgup. How to Spend 3 Days in Cappadocia. Wine Lover's Guide to Cappadocia. Hot-Air Balloon Rides in Cappadocia. Famagusta District. Turkish Black Sea Coast. Turkish Riviera.

Western Anatolia. Southeastern Anatolia. Aegean Coast.

The 10 Best Fairy Chimneys Tours & Tickets - Cappadocia | Viator

Fairy Chimneys Tours 2 Reviews. They were formed centuries ago of ash, lava, and basalt from the activity of three volcanoes here. What is left behind today is dozens of these fairytale-like, otherworldly formations that look straight out of a fantasy or science-fiction film in fact, parts of Star Wars were filmed here.

As the rock formation base is often soft, throughout history those who have inhabited the area have carved their homes and dwellings out of the fairy chimney rock. As a result, Cappadocia is filled with fascinating Byzantine churches, historic homes, even entire underground cities to explore. The tops or caps of the chimney-like pinnacles are harder, which has protected the structures throughout many years. The Open Air Museum of Goreme is a spectacular place to view the many uses of the formations throughout history, as early as the 4th century.

The fairy chimneys of Cappadocia can be found in four major towns of the area: Nevsehir, Kayseri, Aksaray and Nigde. Flights and overnight buses to Kayseri run daily. Address: Turkey.

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Select Dates. Filter Close. Back Close. Duration Up to 1 hour 2. Customer Rating. More Free Cancellation Likely to Sell Out 0. Skip-The-Line 0. Private Tour Viator Exclusive 0. New on Viator Clear all. Up to 1 hour 2. Free Cancellation Sort: Featured.


Sort Close. Traveler Rating. Price Low to High. Price High to Low. Duration Short to Long. Duration Long to Short. New on Viator. New standard cancellation policy. See experiences with free cancellation. Free Cancellation: Get a full refund up to 24 hours in advance on most experiences. See Details. Sort by: Featured Featured. Standard Hot Air Balloon Tour Cappadocia Cappadocia is a large area and its pretty difficult to experience the whole land in days but riding hot air balloons at dawn gives that chance. Enjoy memorable panoramic views from up to 1, feet meters above ground, then celebrate your safe landing with a champagne toast and a personalized flight certificate.

All in One Private Cappadocia Tour On this full-day guided tour, see all the highlights of Cappadocia in just one day. Hear commentary from your guide along the way about fascinating sites like Goreme Open-Air Museum, cave churches, Uchisar Castle, and Kaymakli Underground City, and stop for lunch and wine tasting. A customizable itinerary and hotel pickup make for a convenient, flexible experience.

The non-stop adventure gives you a thorough overview of the country's three most popular destinations, without making you feel rushed. Perfect for travelers who are short on time or people who hate planning, all logistical details, including domestic flights, accommodation, and most meals, are included and accounted for. Fully guides in 4 and 5 star hotels. This is the best program to visit popular highlights in a short time. We will visit Topkapi Palace, St. You will be visiting all impotand monuments and highlights of Cappadocia with your Professional local tour guide.

The tour is flexible so you can modify and customize it. Cappadocia 2-Day Tour from Antalya 1. Prepare to be mesmerized by the otherworldly topography of Cappadocia as you journey through valleys of fairy chimneys, visit an underground city and climb the rock-cut castle of Uchisar.

This memorable 2-day itinerary from Antalya includes round-trip coach transport, overnight accommodation and dinner, and takes you to Goreme, Cavusin village and Urgup. Optional extras include a sunrise hot air balloon flight over Cappadocia and a Turkish folk dance show. Accompanied by a guide, travel in a private vehicle and learn about the area as you admire the stunning landscape. Cappadocia Red Day Tour Maximize your limited time in Cappadocia on a full-day tour.

Enjoy free time to explore and take photos at each location. Your comprehensive tour also includes a complimentary buffet lunch in between sightseeing. The package is covering Cappadocia Red tour - Cappadoca Green tour and amazing sunset experience at best valleys of Cappadocia.. Private Tour : Best of Cappadocia 1. Completely customizable private Cappadocia tour with luxury minivan, you can craft your private tour just as you wish. You will have a luxury minivan with driver, also a private local guide. Either draw your own itinerary before arrival to Cappadocia or decide when you meet with our guide.

Here below are some places you can add as your visiting places, don't worry if the place you want to visit is not in this list, you can add or remove any place. There are many places to discover in Cappadocia, dont limit yourself by not booking this private cappadocia tour! A open-top bus tour is the best way to see the top sights of Cappadocia. The tour takes almost 3 hours with some of Cappadocia's most famous attractions and views. Cappadocia Mix Tour 2. İf you have one full day this tour is the best choice for you to book!!

There are only places not to be missed on this tour. After the Balloon ride an other best way to explore Cappadocia. The adventure starts 3 times a day. Our minivans will pick you up from your hotel and than will bring you to the meeting point. We will give you the equipment that will need and than we will give safety information and how to use information.

The bikes are automatic and it's very easy to use. The tour will be for 4 hour and we will stop in most beautiful panoramas. Small Group Highlights of Cappadocia Tour We are local and focus on cheapest and best service , we provide all highlights of Cappadocia with professional service. Small group Heart of Cappadocia Tour 3. One of the Cappadocian tribes he mentions is the Moschoi, associated by Flavius Josephus with the biblical figure Meshech , son of Japheth : "and the Mosocheni were founded by Mosoch; now they are Cappadocians".

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AotJ I Cappadocia appears in the biblical account given in the book of Acts The Cappadocians were named as one group hearing the Gospel account from Galileans in their own language on the day of Pentecost shortly after the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Acts seems to suggest that the Cappadocians in this account were "God-fearing Jews ". See Acts of the Apostles. The region is also mentioned in the Jewish Mishnah , in Ketubot Under the later kings of the Persian Empire, the Cappadocians were divided into two satrapies , or governments, with one comprising the central and inland portion, to which the name of Cappadocia continued to be applied by Greek geographers , while the other was called Pontus.

This division had already come about before the time of Xenophon. As after the fall of the Persian government the two provinces continued to be separate, the distinction was perpetuated, and the name Cappadocia came to be restricted to the inland province sometimes called Great Cappadocia , which alone will be the focus of this article. The kingdom of Cappadocia still existed in the time of Strabo c. AD 24 as a nominally independent state. Cilicia was the name given to the district in which Caesarea , the capital of the whole country, was situated.

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The only two cities of Cappadocia considered by Strabo to deserve that appellation were Caesarea originally known as Mazaca and Tyana , not far from the foot of the Taurus. Cappadocia lies in central Anatolia , in the heartland of what is now Turkey. The relief consists of a high plateau over m in altitude that is pierced by volcanic peaks, with Mount Erciyes ancient Argaeus near Kayseri ancient Caesarea being the tallest at m. The boundaries of historical Cappadocia are vague, particularly towards the west.

To the west, Cappadocia is bounded by the historical regions of Lycaonia to the southwest, and Galatia to the northwest. Due to its inland location and high altitude, Cappadocia has a markedly continental climate, with hot dry summers and cold snowy winters. Cappadocia was known as Hatti in the late Bronze Age , and was the homeland of the Hittite power centred at Hattusa. After the fall of the Hittite Empire, with the decline of the Syro-Cappadocians Mushki after their defeat by the Lydian king Croesus in the 6th century, Cappadocia was ruled by a sort of feudal aristocracy, dwelling in strong castles and keeping the peasants in a servile condition, which later made them apt to foreign slavery.

It was included in the third Persian satrapy in the division established by Darius but continued to be governed by rulers of its own, none apparently supreme over the whole country and all more or less tributaries of the Great King. After ending the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great tried to rule the area through one of his military commanders. But Ariarathes , a Persian aristocrat, somehow became king of the Cappadocians. The kingdom of Cappadocia lived in peace until the death of Alexander.

The previous empire was then divided into many parts, and Cappadocia fell to Eumenes. Persian colonists in the Cappadocian kingdom, cut off from their co-religionists in Iran proper, continued to practice Zoroastrianism. Strabo , observing them in the first century BC, records XV. The kings henceforward threw in their lot with the Republic as against the Seleucids , to whom they had been from time to time tributary. The imbroglio which followed his death ultimately led to interference by the rising power of Pontus and the intrigues and wars which ended in the failure of the dynasty.

In the civil wars Cappadocia was first for Pompey , then for Caesar , then for Antony , and finally, Octavian. The underground cities have vast defence networks of traps throughout their many levels. These traps are very creative, including such devices as large round stones to block doors and holes in the ceiling through which the defenders may drop spears.

In , Cappadocia was the largest province of the Roman Empire, and was part of the Diocese of Pontus. The Cappadocian Fathers of the 4th century were integral to much of early Christian philosophy. It also produced, among other people, another Patriarch of Constantinople , John of Cappadocia , who held office — For most of the Byzantine era it remained relatively undisturbed by the conflicts in the area with the Sassanid Empire, but was a vital frontier zone later against the Muslim conquests.

From the 7th century, Cappadocia was divided between the Anatolic and Armeniac themes. In the 9th—11th centuries, the region comprised the themes of Charsianon and Cappadocia. Cappadocia shared an always-changing relationship with neighbouring Armenia , by that time a region of the Empire. The Arab historian Abu Al Faraj asserts the following about Armenian settlers in Sivas , during the 10th century: "Sivas, in Cappadocia, was dominated by the Armenians and their numbers became so many that they became vital members of the imperial armies.

These Armenians were used as watch-posts in strong fortresses, taken from the Arabs. They distinguished themselves as experienced infantry soldiers in the imperial army and were constantly fighting with outstanding courage and success by the side of the Romans in other words Byzantine".

This immigration was increased further after the decline of the local imperial power and the establishment of the Crusader States following the Fourth Crusade. To the crusaders, Cappadocia was "terra Hermeniorum," the land of the Armenians, due to the large number of Armenians settled there. Following the Battle of Manzikert in , various Turkish clans under the leadership of the Seljuks began settling in Anatolia. With the rise of Turkish power in Anatolia, Cappadocia slowly became a tributary to the Turkish states that were established to the east and to the west; some of the population was forcibly converted to Islam [ citation needed ] with the remainder forming the Cappadocian Greek population.

By the end of the early 12th century, Anatolian Seljuks had established their sole dominance over the region. With the decline and the fall of the Konya -based Seljuks in the second half of the 13th century, they were gradually replaced by the Karaman -based Beylik of Karaman , who themselves were gradually succeeded by the Ottoman Empire over the course of the 15th century.

Cappadocia Land of Fairy Chimneys (Turkey 1)

Cappadocia remained part of the Ottoman Empire for the centuries to come, and remains now part of the modern state of Turkey. This dialect of Greek is known as Cappadocian Greek. Following the population exchange between Greece and Turkey , the language is now only spoken by a handful of the former population's descendants in modern Greece. The area is a popular tourist destination, as it has many areas with unique geological, historic, and cultural features. The region is located southwest of the major city Kayseri , which has airline and railway service to Ankara and Istanbul and other cities.

Among the most visited underground cities are Derinkuyu , Kaymakli , Gaziemir and Ozkonak. Sedimentary rocks formed in lakes and streams and ignimbrite deposits that erupted from ancient volcanoes approximately 9 to 3 million years ago, during the late Miocene to Pliocene epochs, underlie the Cappadocia region. People of the villages at the heart of the Cappadocia Region carved out houses, churches and monasteries from the soft rocks of volcanic deposits. The complex contains more than 30 carved-from-rock churches and chapels , some having superb frescoes inside, dating from the 9th century to the 11th century.

Initially, this was attributed to erionite , a zeolite mineral with similar properties to asbestos , but detailed epidemiological investigation demonstrated that the substance causes the disease mostly in families with a genetic predisposition to mineral fiber carcinogenesis. The studies are being extended to other parts of the region.

The area was featured in several films due to its topography. The region was used for the science fiction film Slipstream to depict a cult of wind worshippers.


In and early , the film Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance was also filmed in the Cappadocia region. The commercial shows some of the area's features. In the tabletop role-playing game Vampire: The Masquerade , Cappadocian is an extinct clan of vampires based around Mount Erciyes. Since , a multiday track running ultramarathon of desert concept, called Runfire Cappadocia Ultramarathon , is held annually in July.

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